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Toxocariasis and Toxocara vaccine: a review
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Environmental contamination by canine geohelminths | Parasites & Vectors | Full Text
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The latest Tweets from Pamela Scuppa (@abe).pam scuppa View the profiles of professionals named "Pamela Scuppa" on LinkedIn. There are 2 professionals named "Pamela Scuppa", who use LinkedIn to exchange. OVERGAAUW, P. A. M. Aspects of Toxocara Epidemiology: Toxocarosis in Dogs and Cats. Critical Reviews in Microbiology, v, n.3, p, Habluetzel A, Traldi G, Luggieri S, Attili AR, Scuppa P, Marchetti R, et al. Overgaauw PAM, Zutphen LV, Hoek D, Yaja FO, Roelfsema J, Pinelli E, et al.
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An extreme measure chosen by some municipalities is the elimination of sandboxes from parks and playgrounds [ 8 ]. It is important to note, however, that while T. Surveillance of the presence of parasite eggs in public soil is also important in this integrated approach to control intestinal parasites. In general, microscopic examination of soil samples is performed to identify Toxocara eggs, although this method may have low sensitivity and specificity [ , ].
DNA-based approaches have been developed to discriminate eggs of ascarids in soil samples [ , ], although some pitfalls may impair a routine use, e. This assay is promising for the implementation of standardized methods able to evaluate the presence of roundworm eggs in contaminated soil on a large scale.
In particular, this novel molecular tool can be used to investigate, with a high throughput, the occurrence and the level of contamination of eggs of T. This is of importance because different investigations have shown that some urban environments may be heavily contaminated by T. Canine faeces in cities are an important source of pathogens for the pet population, for dog owners and for the community in general. Prevention of initial contamination is the most important way to avoid human and animal infections, given that no practical methods are available to actually minimize environmental egg contamination.
The non-polite habit of dog owners of not removing feces of their pet from streets and green areas Figure 4 represents a concern for hygiene and health of both animals and humans. Hence, polluted public environments represent the principle risk for human health with zoonotic intestinal nematodes of dogs [ 38 ]. Other than social responsibility in eliminating dog faeces from streets, parks and squares, appropriate worm control programs, especially in young dogs, are crucial to control faecal contamination and minimize the risk of infection for humans and other animals.
Dog faeces in a green park of Dublin, Ireland left and in a public square of Padua, Italy right. Unfortunately, public education in reducing the risk of exposure for both humans and companion animals is poor.
Thus, there is the necessity for physicians, veterinarians and the general public to foster interest and efforts in appropriate control programs towards a reduction of pollution of the cities and of the risk of infection for both animals and people. World Health Organization and partners unveil new coordinated approach to treat millions suffering from neglected tropical disease.
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Clin Microbiol Rev. Traversa D: Are we paying too much attention to cardio-pulmonary nematodes and neglecting old-fashioned worms like Trichuris vulpis?. J Am Vet Med Assoc. Lloyd S: Toxocarosis. Can J Comp Med. Fahrion AS, Staebler S, Deplazes P: Patent Toxocara canis infections in previously exposed and in helminth-free dogs after infection with low numbers of embryonated eggs.
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Trop Med Int Health. Companion Animal Parasite Council. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. Overgaauw PAM: Effect of a government educational campaign in the Netherlands on awareness of Toxocara and toxocarosis.
Can Vet J. Tharaldsen J: Parasitic organisms from dogs and cats in sandpits from nursery schools in Oslo. Norsk Veterinaertidsskrift. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. Download references. The authors are grateful to all the co-workers who contributed in the studies whose unpublished results are presented in the review.
You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. DT, AFdR and MP conceived the article and all authors contributed to its drafting, preparation and intellectual content.
AFdR and MP were scientifically responsible for the studies whose unpublished results are reported in the review. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. Reprints and Permissions. Traversa, D. Environmental contamination by canine geohelminths. Parasites Vectors 7, 67 Download citation. Received : 17 December Accepted : 06 February Published : 13 February Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:.
Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article. Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative. Skip to main content. Search all BMC articles Search. Download PDF. Abstract Intestinal nematodes affecting dogs, i.
Review Soil-transmitted helminthoses affects more than 2 billion people worldwide [ 1 ]. The environment is incessantly contaminated Toxocara canis and Ancylostoma caninum are, respectively, the primary species of roundworms and hookworms infecting dogs worldwide.
Figure 1. Full size image. Figure 2. Figure 3. Conclusion Canine faeces in cities are an important source of pathogens for the pet population, for dog owners and for the community in general.
Figure 4. References 1. PubMed Article Google Scholar 6. PubMed Article Google Scholar 7. Google Scholar PubMed Article Google Scholar Nunes et al. Our results showed that the soils of the University Campus of the Autonomous Metropolitan University from Xochimilco are contaminated by Toxocara spp.
It is considered that the excrement of dogs that enter the campus with their owners is mainly responsible for the dissemination of the parasite, so it is important to promote deworming programmes for pets, coupled with practices to reduce faecal matter in the gardens, and to create informative media for the student population, in order to ensure they are aware of the risk factors for contracting toxocariasis.
Abrir menu Brasil. Abrir menu. Toxocara; environmental contamination; zoonosis; eggs. Keywords: Toxocara , environmental contamination, zoonosis, eggs.
Presence of eggs of Toxocara spp. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ;20 2 An estimation of Toxocara canis prevalence in dogs, environmental egg contamination and risk of human infection in the Marche region of Italy. Vet Parasitol ; Mizgajska H. Eggs of Toxocara spp. J Helminthol ;75 2 Influence of soil texture in the recovery of Toxocara canis eggs by flotation method. Vet Parasitol ;53 Zootecnia Trop ;24 2 Zoonotic parasites in fecal samples and fur from dogs and cats in The Netherlands.
Studies on the incidence of Toxocara and Toxascaris spp. A comparison of flotation procedures for recovering Toxocara spp. J Hyg Camb ;84 1 Contamination and viability of Toxocara sp. J Anim Vet Adv ;9 23 Human Toxocariasis: diagnosis, worldwide seroprevalences and clinical expression of the systemic and ocular forms. Ann Trop Med Parasitol ; 1 Larval development of Toxocara canis in dogs.
Stromberg BE. Environmental factors influencing transmission. Vet Parasitol ;72 Seasonal contamination of public squares and lawns by parasites with zoonotic potential in southern Brazil. J Helminthol ;82 1 Westerman RL.
History Received 24 Aug Accepted 25 Nov This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.
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Habluetzel A, Traldi G, Ruggieri S, Attili AR, Scuppa P, Marchetti R, Overgaauw PAM. Aspects of Toxocara Epidemiology: Toxocarosis in. Dogs and Cats. Habluetzel, A., Traldi, G., Ruggieri, S., Attili, A.R., Scuppa, P., Overgaauw, P.A.M., Zutphen, L., Hoek, D., Yaya, F., Roelfsema, J., Pinelli, E. pam scuppa Overgaauw P.A.M., van Knapen F. Veterinary and public health aspects of Habluetzel A., Traldi G., Ruggieri S., Attili A.R., Scuppa P. Watch newest italicum tribute vegan label pam scuppa porn photo galleries for free on stagekids.ru Download fresh italicum tribute vegan label pam scuppa.
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